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Digital twin-enabled prefabrication supply chain for smart construction and carbon emissions evaluation in building projects

journal contribution
posted on 2024-02-23, 11:18 authored by Sitsofe YevuSitsofe Yevu, Emmanuel Kingsford Owusu, Albert PC Chan, Samad ME Sepasgozar, Vineet R Kamat
Digital twin (DT) provides effective pathways to solve issues in the construction industry, particularly smart construction and carbon emissions in prefabrication. Past DT research explored facility management and fault detection, highlighting a knowledge gap on the use of DT for smart construction and emissions monitoring in prefabrication supply chain (PSC). Therefore, the aim of this study is to present a holistic view of DT applications in PSC by exploring real-time smart construction and carbon emissions monitoring. A mixed-method review was adopted in two-steps involving scientometric and qualitative analysis in this study. Findings from the scientometric analysis revealed high interest in research themes such as emissions and energy control, artificial intelligence-based decision-making and blockchain integration in DT for prefabrication. Furthermore, the findings from the qualitative analysis demonstrated how smart technologies such as radio frequency identification (RFID), global positioning systems (GPS), laser scanners and sensors have been employed at the production, transportation, and on-site assembly stages of PSC for buildings. For real-time carbon emissions monitoring in DT, this study revealed various smart technologies and their corresponding information requirements for materials/components, machinery, and processes at each stage of the PSC. Five future research directions were provided on effective ways to advance DT in PSC for intelligent building processes and monitor emissions. Therefore, this study not only shows smart technologies suitable for DT in PSC, but also contributes to knowledge on using DT to monitor real-time carbon emissions in PSC for buildings. This study would aid researchers and practitioners with systemic approaches to employ when applying DT in PSC.

Funding

This research project is funded by the Postdoc Matching Fund Scheme at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (Project ID: P0038801).

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Published in

Journal of Building Engineering

Volume

78

Publisher

Elsevier

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Elsevier

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Journal of Building Engineering and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2023.107598

Acceptance date

2023-08-17

Publication date

2023-08-23

Copyright date

2023

ISSN

2352-7102

eISSN

2352-7102

Language

  • en

Depositor

Deposit date: 22 February 2024

Article number

107598

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