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Driving a better driving experience: a questionnaire survey of older compared with younger drivers

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journal contribution
posted on 26.04.2016, 08:35 by Sukru Karali, Diane GyiDiane Gyi, Neil J. Mansfield
A questionnaire survey of drivers (n=903) was conducted covering musculoskeletal symptoms, the vehicle seat, access to specific vehicle features, ingress/egress, driving performance and driving behaviours. Significantly more discomfort was reported by older drivers (aged 65+) in the hips/thighs/buttocks and knees. Older drivers reported more difficulty parallel parking (p≤0.01), driving on a foggy day (p≤0.01), and turning their head and body to reverse (p≤0.001). They also reported that their reactions were slower than they used to be (p≤0.01). Dissatisfaction was found by all drivers with adjusting the head rest (height and distance), seat belt height and opening/closing the boot. There is a growing population of older people globally and the number of older drivers is showing a parallel increase. Clearly, efforts are needed to ensure car design of the future is more inclusive of older drivers.


We would like to acknowledge the EPSRC DTG Fund and Nissan Motor Co. Ltd for funding this research.



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Ergonomics. The Official Journal of the Chartered Institute for Ergonomics and Human Factors


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KARALI, S., GYI, D. and MANSFIELD, N., 2016. Driving a better driving experience: a questionnaire survey of older compared with younger drivers. Ergonomics, 60 (4), pp. 533-540.


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This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.