Economic model predictive control for aircraft forced landing: Framework and two-level implementation
journal contributionposted on 25.11.2021, 11:56 by Zihang Dong, Jingjing JiangJingjing Jiang, Cunjia LiuCunjia Liu, Matthew CoombesMatthew Coombes, Wen-Hua ChenWen-Hua Chen
This paper presents an optimization-based control framework for the autonomous forced landing of a fixed-wing Unmanned Aircraft (UA). A two-level MPC scheme is proposed to realize this framework, where an EMPC in a long piece-wise constant fashion is proposed at the high-level while a short fixedhorizon linear time-varying MPC at the low-level responds to fast dynamics of UA and tracks the optimal path provided by the high-level controller, alleviating computational burden compared to the high frequency single-layer MPC scheme. Comparing with single EMPC setup with high sampling frequency, this hierarchical EMPC controller can significantly reduce the computational complexity and make it feasible to be implemented in realtime. In addition, it also responds to disturbances (e.g. wind) and aircraft fast dynamics in a timely manner. The recursive feasibility and stability of the high and low-level MPC schemes are established. The performance of the proposed EMPC forced landing function is illustrated by simulation case studies on both Aerosonde and Skywalker X8, compared favorably with competing schemes.
Goal-Oriented Control Systems (GOCS): Disturbance, Uncertainty and Constraints
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- Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering