Effect of aeration on water quality and sediment humus in rural black-odorous water
Black-odorous water, which exists widely in rural areas of China, affects the living environments of residents and causes a loss of ecosystem functions, and improper treatment may even cause secondary pollution. Moreover, the transformation relationships among the components of humus in the sediments of black-odorous water are largely unknown. Therefore, it is necessary to select appropriate methods for treating black-odorous water in rural areas and to understand the characteristics of humus in sediment during the treatment process. In this study, the use of aeration in treating black-odorous water and interstitial water in rural areas was studied and the effects of different treatment methods on the contents and spectral characteristics of humus components in sediments were explored. It was found that the quality of the treated water improved from severe black-odorous to nonblack-odorous, the colour of the sediment changed from black to greyish-brown to turquoise, and the odour changed from strong to weak. The removal rates of ammonia nitrogen, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and chemical oxygen demand in the sediment aeration group reached more than 50% in the upper water, and more than 70% in the interstitial water. After treatment, the content of fulvic acid, the main black substance in sediment, decreased by 0.36–1.58 g/kg, and the molecular structure of the humus was simplified.
Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment, China (2015ZX07204-002-05)
- Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering
Published inJournal of Environmental Management
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)
Rights holder© Elsevier
Publisher statementThis paper was accepted for publication in the Journal of Environmental Management and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.115867