Loughborough University
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Effect of graphene-oxide enhancement on large-deflection bending performance of thermoplastic polyurethane elastomer

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journal contribution
posted on 2016-01-18, 16:03 authored by Qifei Jing, Qiang Liu, Lin Li, ZhiLi Dong, Vadim SilberschmidtVadim Silberschmidt
Thermoplastic polyurethane (PU) elastomers are used as shoe-sole materials due to many excellent properties but their inelastic deformation is a serious deficiency for such applications. Hence, graphene oxide (GO) was introduced into the synthesized thermoplastic PU to produce a GO/PU composite material with enhanced properties. Plastic behaviour of this composite was assessed in cyclic tensile tests, demonstrating reduction of irreversible deformations with the addition of GO. Additionally, in order to evaluate mechanical performance of PU and the GO/PU composite under conditions of large-deflection bending typical for shoe soles, finite-element simulations with Abaqus/Standard were conducted. An elastic-plastic finite-element model was developed to obtain detailed mechanical information for PU and the GO/PU composite. The numerical study demonstrated that the plastic area, final specific plastic dissipation energy and residual height for PU specimens were significantly larger than those for the GO/PU composite. Besides, the addition of GO into the PU matrix greatly delayed the onset of plastic deformation in PU in a large-deflection bending process. The average residual height and final specific plastic dissipation energy for PU were approximately 5.6 and 17.7 times as large as those for the studied GO/PU composite. The finite-element analysis provided quantification of the effect of GO enhancement on the large-deflection bending performance of PU for regimes typical for shoe soles and can be used as a basis for optimization of real composite products.


The financial support from the Institute for Sports Research, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore is appreciated.



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

Composites Part B: Engineering




1 - 8


JING, Q. ... et al, 2016. Effect of graphene-oxide enhancement on large-deflection bending performance of thermoplastic polyurethane elastomer. Composites Part B: Engineering, 89, pp. 1 - 8


© Elsevier


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date



This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Composites Part B and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.11.033




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