Effect of scarfing on rectangular nozzle supersonic jet plume flow characteristics
journal contributionposted on 30.01.2019, 11:15 by Parviz Behrouzi, Jim McGuirk, C. Avenell
An experimental and computational fluid dynamics study is reported of supersonic jets issuing from a high-aspect-ratio rectangular convergent–divergent nozzle with and without a scarfed exit. Schlieren visualization and laser Doppler anemometry measurements captured near-field aerodynamic development of an unheated jet at overexpanded, design, and underexpanded conditions. Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes computational fluid dynamics predictions using an eddy viscosity closure (Spalart–Allmaras model) for clean and scarfed geometries were compared with measurements to examine the ability to capture nozzle scarfing effects. The measured plume shape for a scarfed nozzle was strongly affected at overexpanded conditions (a distorted four-lobe shape was observed), whereas a rectangular shape was retained for underexpanded flow although plume bifurcation occurred. The development of the plume shape and the mixing rate was a consequence of the strong vortices that occur with rectangular nozzles, with extra vortices introduced by scarfing. The nozzle exit static pressure changed dramatically when scarfing was added, influencing plume secondary flows and near-field development. The main features of scarfed jet development were predicted qualitatively correctly; the four-lobe overexpanded shape was reproduced but the strength of pressure-driven secondary velocities was overpredicted. The experimental data provided represent a challenging validation test case for computational fluid dynamics studies of three-dimensional supersonic jet plumes with scarfed interaction effects.
- Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering
- Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering