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Electrical, thermal and spectroscopic characterization of bulk Bi2Se3 topological insulator

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journal contribution
posted on 2017-11-06, 10:05 authored by Rabia Sultana, Geet Awana, Banabir Pal, P.K. Maheshwari, Monu Mishra, Govind Gupta, Anurag Gupta, S. Thirupathaiah, V.P.S. Awana
We report the electrical (angular magnetoresistance and Hall), thermal (heat capacity) and spectroscopic (Raman, X-ray photoelectron, angle-resolved photoelectron) characterization of a bulk Bi2Se3 topological insulator, which was grown by self-flux method through solid-state reaction from high-temperature (950 ◦C) melt and slow cooling (2 ◦C/h) of constituent elements. Bi2Se3 exhibited metallic behaviour down to 5 K. Magnetotransport measurements revealed linear up to 400 and 30% magneto-resistance (MR) at 5 K under a 14-T field in perpendicular and parallel field directions, respectively. We noticed that the MR of Bi2Se3 is very sensitive to the angle of the applied field. The MR is maximum when the field is normal to the sample surface, while it is minimum when the field is parallel. The Hall coefficient (RH) is seen nearly invariant with a negative carrier sign down to 5 K albeit having near-periodic oscillations above 100 K. The heat capacity (Cp) versus temperature plot is seen without any phase transitions down to 5 K and is well fitted (Cp = γT + βT 3) at low temperature with a calculated Debye temperature (θD) value of 105.5 K. Clear Raman peaks are seen at 72, 131 and 177 cm−1 corresponding to A1 1g, E2g and A2 1g, respectively. Though two distinct asymmetric characteristic peak shapes are seen for Bi 4f7/2 and Bi 4f5/2, the Se 3d region is found to be broad, displaying the overlapping of spin-orbit components of the same. Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) data of Bi2Se3 revealed distinctly the bulk conduction bands (BCB), surface state (SS), Dirac point (DP) and bulk valence bands (BVB), and 3D bulk conduction signatures are clearly seen. Summarily, a host of physical properties for the as-grownBi2Se3 crystal are reported here.


This work is financially supported by the DAE-SRC Outstanding Investigator Award Scheme on Search for New Superconductors. Rabia Sultana thanks CSIR, India, for the research fellowship and AcSIR-NPL for the Ph.D. registration. S.T. acknowledges support by DST, India, through the INSPIRE Faculty Scheme (Grant No.: IFA14 PH-86)



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  • Physics

Published in

Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism






2031 - 2036


SULTANA, R. ...et al., 2017. Electrical, thermal and spectroscopic characterization of bulk Bi2Se3 topological insulator. Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism, 30(8), pp. 2031-2036.


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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism. The final authenticated version is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10948-017-4173-7






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