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Electrification pathways for Kenya–linking spatial electrification analysis and medium to long term energy planning

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journal contribution
posted on 11.01.2021, 14:28 by Nandi Moksnes, Alexandros Korkovelos, Dimitrios Mentis, Mark HowellsMark Howells
In September 2015 UN announced 17 Sustainable Development goals (SDG) from which goal number 7 envisions universal access to modern energy services for all by 2030. In Kenya only about 46% of the population currently has access to electricity. This paper analyses hypothetical scenarios, and selected implications, investigating pathways that would allow the country to reach its electrification targets by 2030. Two modelling tools were used for the purposes of this study, namely OnSSET and OSeMOSYS. The tools were soft-linked in order to capture both the spatial and temporal dynamics of their nature. Two electricity demand scenarios were developed representing low and high end user consumption goals respectively. Indicatively, results show that geothermal, coal, hydro and natural gas would consist the optimal energy mix for the centralized national grid. However, in the case of the low demand scenario a high penetration of stand-Alone systems is evident in the country, reaching out to approximately 47% of the electrified population. Increasing end user consumption leads to a shift in the optimal technology mix, with higher penetration of mini-grid technologies and grid extension.

History

School

  • Social Sciences and Humanities

Department

  • Geography and Environment

Published in

Environmental Research Letters

Volume

12

Issue

9

Publisher

IOP Publishing Ltd

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© IOP Publishing Ltd

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by IOP under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence (CC BY 3.0). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Acceptance date

06/07/2017

Publication date

2017-09-11

Copyright date

2017

Notes

This article is corrected by 2020 Environ. Res. Lett. 15 129501.

ISSN

1748-9326

eISSN

1748-9326

Language

en

Depositor

Deposit date: 11 January 2021

Article number

095008