Loughborough University
Amended-App Ergs Paper 2017-18-DEG.pdf (504.33 kB)

Engineering movement into automotive seating: Does the driver feel more comfortable and refreshed?

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-09-17, 12:20 authored by Maria Varela, Diane GyiDiane Gyi, Neil J. Mansfield, Richard Picton, Akinari Hirao, Tomokazu Furuya
The concept of introducing movement in automotive seating was investigated. Three seat conditions, a control (no movement) and two movement conditions (fore-aft and cushion-backrest) were compared. Movement was introduced at a fixed speed, slow, smooth and within a small range. Ten participants took part in a 60 minute simulated drive for each condi-tion - single blind, repeated measures, and balanced order. Discomfort ratings were collected for six body areas and overall discomfort, together with a wellbeing questionnaire. Driver posture and Seat Fidgets and Movements (SFMs) were captured. There was a trend for lower ratings of discomfort, overall and in the neck, shoulders, lower back, buttocks, and ankles with both seat movement conditions. Wellbeing ratings were also better with movement. Sig-nificant differences were found at minute 60 for buttock discomfort - less discomfort with seat movement. Overall discomfort and SFMs frequency increased with time driving. Gener-ally, passive seat movement was well received.


We would like to acknowledge the EPSRC Industrial CASE award and Nissan Motor Company Ltd. for funding this research (ID: GR-0417).



  • Design

Published in

Applied Ergonomics


VARELA, M. ... et al, 2018. Engineering movement into automotive seating: Does the driver feel more comfortable and refreshed?. Applied Ergonomics, 74, pp.214-220.


© Elsevier


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Applied Ergonomics and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.024.

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