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Enhanced ocean deoxygenation in the Bering Sea during MIS 11c

journal contribution
posted on 2024-03-21, 08:22 authored by Xuguang Feng, Jianjun Zou, Xuefa Shi, Savannah WorneSavannah Worne, Zhengquan Yao, Yi Zhong, Hualong Jin, Jiang Dong, Zhi Dong, Han Feng, Xinqing Zou

Accelerated Arctic warming has raised concerns about future environmental conditions in the Bering Sea, one of the world's most productive marine ecosystems. Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 11 (424–374 ka), a period with orbital parameters similar to those of the current interglacial (Holocene), is thought to be a suitable analog to predict future marine environments. Here, we reconstruct paleoredox changes in the Bering Sea over the last 800 kyr using high-resolution U/Th ratios from four sites, which were sampled by the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 323. During the early stages of MIS 11 (MIS11c), four IODP Expedition 323 sites (U1339, U1340, U1343, and U1345) with different water depths (1100–1900 m) had highly elevated U/Th ratios, indicating a substantial loss of dissolved oxygen (O2) in the intermediate waters of the Bering Sea. High U/Th ratios were closely associated with extremely high %biogenic opal in the Bering Sea and an exceptionally warm Arctic climate. We speculate that during this period, the highest amplitude deglacial warming led to the onset of a super interglacial (MIS 11c) in the Arctic regions, via Arctic amplification. The exceptionally warm Arctic climate resulted in particularly high export productivity in the Bering Sea via physiological effects, a reduction in sea ice, and increased river discharge. Due to high productivity, increased organic matter degradation caused severe hypoxia in the intermediate waters of the Bering Sea. Our study shows that severe hypoxia may also appear in the Bering Sea if Arctic warming accelerates in the future.

Funding

Laoshan Science and Technology Innovation Project (LSKJ202204203)

National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos.: 42276079, 41876065, 42130412)

NSFC-Shandong Joint Fund (U1606401)

Taishan Scholar Program of Shandong (Grant No. tspd 20181216)

Basic Scientific Fund for National Public Research Institutes of China (No. GY0223G01)

History

School

  • Social Sciences and Humanities

Department

  • Geography and Environment

Published in

Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology

Volume

637

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Elsevier B.V

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2023.111982

Acceptance date

2023-12-13

Publication date

2023-12-19

Copyright date

2023

ISSN

0031-0182

eISSN

1872-616X

Language

  • en

Depositor

Dr Savannah Worne. Deposit date: 28 February 2024

Article number

111982

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