Loughborough University
park and ride alternative concepts Tspt Policy 29 3 2010.pdf (694.25 kB)

Evaluating alternative concepts of bus-based park and ride

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journal contribution
posted on 2013-07-05, 14:12 authored by Stuart Meek, Stephen Ison, Marcus EnochMarcus Enoch
Whilst it has been used since the 1960s, the UK government have promoted bus-based Park and Ride (P&R) particularly heavily over the last 20 years as a tool to deal with traffic congestion and air pollution. There has long since been a view however that P&R in its current guise may actually be exacerbating the problems of traffic congestion, fuel use and emissions instead of mitigating them. This paper aims to reconsider this proposition whilst also testing a range of alternative forms of car–bus interchange in the context of traffic reduction, drawing on evidence from a large survey of P&R users in Cambridge, UK. Overall the results suggest that while current P&R significantly increases the vehicle miles travelled by its users, some of the alternative models presented potentially offer considerable improvements.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering


MEEK, S., ISON, S. and ENOCH, M., 2011. Evaluating alternative concepts of bus-based park and ride. Transport Policy, 18 (2), pp. 456 - 467.


© Elsevier


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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This article was published in the journal, Transport Policy [© Elsevier] and the definitive version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2010.09.006




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