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Evaluation of a kinematically driven finite element footstrike model

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journal contribution
posted on 29.02.2016, 09:27 by Iain Hannah, Andy HarlandAndy Harland, Daniel S. Price, Heiko Schlarb, Tim Lucas
A dynamic finite element model of a shod running footstrike was developed and driven with six degree of freedom foot segment kinematics determined from a motion capture running trial. Quadratic tetrahedral elements were used to mesh the footwear components with material models determined from appropriate mechanical tests. Model outputs were compared to experimental high speed video (HSV) footage, vertical ground reaction force (GRF) and centre of pressure (COP) excursion to determine whether such an approach is appropriate for the development of athletic footwear. Although unquantified, good visual agreement to the HSV footage was observed but significant discrepancies were found between the model and experimental GRF and COP readings (9% and 61% of model readings outside of the mean experimental reading ± 2 standard deviations respectively). Model output was also found to be highly sensitive to input kinematics with a 120% increase in maximum GRF observed when translating the force platform 2 mm vertically. Whilst representing an alternative approach to existing dynamic finite elements footstrike models, loading highly representative of an experimental trial was not found to be achievable when employing exclusively kinematic boundary conditions. This significantly limits the usefulness of employing such an approach in the footwear development process.


Adidas AG supported this study with funding and were involved in the collection of biomechanical data



  • Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering

Published in

Journal of Applied Biomechanics


HANNAH, I. ...et al., 2015. Evaluation of a kinematically driven finite element footstrike model. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 32 (3), pp. 301-305.


© Human Kinetics Publishing as accepted for publication


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date



This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Journal of Applied Biomechanics and the definitive published version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1123/jab.2015-0002