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Evidence for swelling-induced pore structure in dense PDMS nanofiltration membranes

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journal contribution
posted on 07.08.2009, 12:26 by J.P. Robinson, Steve Tarleton, C.R. Millington, Arian Nijmeijer
A dense polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membrane was used to assess the flux and separation performance of a range of solutes (e.g. poly-nuclear aromatics and organometallics) and organic solvents (e.g. heptane and xylene). Solvent flux was modelled with the Hagen-Poiseuille equation and found to fit the model well, with the degree of swelling influencing the effective pore size and porosity of the membrane. The rejection mechanism for low-polarity solutes was found to be predominantly size exclusion. The rejection varied with solvent type and rejections were higher in poorer-swelling solvents. For instance, the rejection of 9,10 Diphenylanthracene was 2% in a pure heptane solvent compared with 15% in xylene. It is postulated that dense PDMS membranes exhibit the characteristics of a porous structure when swollen with solvent, and that the degree of swelling impacts on the separation performance of the membrane. A comparison between the Hildebrand solubility parameters for the PDMS membrane and the challenge solvent was found to be a good indicator of flux/rejection performance.

History

School

  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering

Department

  • Chemical Engineering

Citation

ROBINSON, J.P. ... et al, 2004. Evidence for swelling-induced pore structure in dense PDMS nanofiltration membranes. Filtration, 4 (1), pp. 50-56.

Publisher

Filtration Solutions / © The authors

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publication date

2004

Notes

This article was published in the journal, Filtration (http://www.lboro.ac.uk/departments/cg/research/filtration/journal.htm).

ISSN

1479-0602

Language

en

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