Tolfrey_Bond et al EJAP 2014 Accepted Manuscript.pdf (348.54 kB)
Exercise intensity and postprandial health outcomes in adolescents
journal contributionposted on 2016-04-08, 11:26 authored by Bert Bond, Craig A. Williams, Carly Isic, Sarah R. Jackman, Keith TolfreyKeith Tolfrey, Laura BarrettLaura Barrett, Alan R. Barker
© 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Method: Twenty adolescents (10 male, 14.3 ± 0.3 years) completed three 1-day trials: (1) rest (CON); (2) 8 × 1 min cycling at 90 % peak power with 75 s recovery (HIIE); (3) cycling at 90 % of the gas exchange threshold (MIE), 1 h before consuming a high-fat milkshake (1.50 g fat and 80 kJ kg−1). Postprandial TAG, SBP and fat oxidation were assessed over 4 h Results : Compared to CON, the incremental area under the curve for TAG (IAUC-TAG) was not significantly lowered in HIIE [P = 0.22, effect size (ES) = 0.24] or MIE (P = 0.65, ES = 0.04) for boys. For girls, HIIE and MIE lowered IAUC-TAG by 34 % (P = 0.02, ES = 0.58) and 38 % (P = 0.09, ES = 0.73), respectively, with no difference between HIIE and MIE (P = 0.74, ES = 0.14). Changes in TAG were not related to energy expenditure during exercise or postprandial fat oxidation. Postprandial SBP (total-AUC pooled for both sexes) was lower in HIIE compared to CON (P = 0.01, ES = 0.68) and MIE (P = 0.02, ES = 0.60), with no difference between MIE and CON (P = 0.45, ES = 0.14). Purpose: The effect of exercise intensity and sex on postprandial risk factors for cardiovascular disease in adolescents is unknown. We examined the effect of a single bout of work-matched high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) and moderate-intensity exercise (MIE) on postprandial triacylglycerol (TAG) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) in adolescents. Conclusion: A single bout of HIIE and MIE, performed 1 h before an HFM, can meaningfully attenuate IAUC-TAG in girls but not boys. Additionally, HIIE, but not MIE, may lower postprandial SBP in normotensive adolescents.
This study was supported by the Sport and Health Sciences Research Committee, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter.
- Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences
Published inEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Pages927 - 936
CitationBOND, B. ...et al., 2015. Exercise intensity and postprandial health outcomes in adolescents. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 115(5), pp. 927-936.
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)
Publisher statementThis work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
NotesThe final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-014-3074-8