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Expansion of human mesenchymal stem/stromal cells on temporary liquid microcarriers

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journal contribution
posted on 07.12.2020, 16:32 by Mariana Hanga, Alvin Nienow, Halina Murasiewicz, Andrzej Pacek, Chris Hewitt, Karen CoopmanKaren Coopman
Background: Traditional large scale culture systems for human mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (hMSCs) use solid microcarriers as attachment substrates. While the use of such substrates is advantageous due to the high surface-to-volume ratio, cell harvest from the same substrates is a challenge as it requires enzymatic treatment, often combined with agitation. Here, we investigated a two-phase system for expansion and non-enzymatic recovery of hMSCs. Perfluorocarbon droplets were dispersed in a protein-rich growth medium and were used as temporary liquid microcarriers for hMSC culture.
Results: hMSCs successfully attached to these liquid microcarriers exhibiting similar morphologies to those cultured on solid ones. Fold increases of 3.03±0.98 (hMSC1) and 3.81±0.29 (hMSC2) were achieved at day 9. However, the maximum expansion folds were recorded at day 4 (4.79±0.47 (hMSC1) and 4.856±0.7 (hMSC2)). This decrease was caused by cell aggregation upon reaching confluency due to the contraction of the interface between the two phases. Cell quality as assessed by differentiation, cell surface marker expression and clonogenic ability was retained post-expansion on the liquid microcarriers. Cell harvesting was achieved non-enzymatically in two steps, by firstly inducing droplet coalescence, then aspirating the interface. hMSCs’ quality characteristics continued to be retained even after inducing droplet coalescence.
Conclusion: The prospect of a temporary microcarrier that can be used to expand cells and then ‘disappear’ for cell release without using proteolytic enzymes is a very exciting one. Here, we’ve demonstrated that hMSCs can attach and proliferate on these perfluorocarbon liquid microcarriers, while very importantly retaining their quality.

Funding

Expansion of human mesenchymal stem cells in aqueous / aqueous two phase systems

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

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History

School

  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering

Department

  • Chemical Engineering

Published in

Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology

Volume

96

Issue

4

Pages

930 - 940

Publisher

Wiley

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Wiley under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY 4.0). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

30/10/2020

Publication date

2020-11-08

Copyright date

2020

ISSN

0268-2575

eISSN

1097-4660

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Karen Coopman. Deposit date: 29 October 2020