Rich ES.pdf (7.57 MB)
Download file

Experimental analysis of debris distribution of masonry panels subjected to long duration blast loading

Download (7.57 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 03.09.2018, 13:12 by Richard A. Keys, Simon Clubley
Blast loading of structures is a complex system dependent on a vast number of parameters from both the structure and blast wave. Even for the simplest of structures, small changes to its size and shape can have a large effect on the result when subjected to blast; additionally, small changes to the pressure or duration of the blast wave can drastically alter its interaction with a specific structure. This paper, as part of a larger in-depth research study, investigates the breakage patterns and debris distribution of masonry panels subjected to blast loads with a positive phase duration typically exceeding 100 ms. Three experimental trials were conducted, in which ten masonry panels of varying geometries were subjected to blast loads with peak static overpressures of approximately 55 kPa and 110 kPa, with corresponding positive phase durations of 200 ms and 150 ms respectively. All structures underwent total structural failure, followed by significant debris distribution with the results showing structural geometry, blast overpressure and impulse to be the key parameters responsible for the breakage pattern, initial fragmentation and debris distribution respectively.


Funding for analytical research provided by EPSRC Grant: EP/M009254/1.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Published in

Engineering Structures




229 - 241


KEYS, R.A. and CLUBLEY, S.K., 2016. Experimental analysis of debris distribution of masonry panels subjected to long duration blast loading. Engineering Structures, 130, pp.229-241.


© Elsevier


AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at:

Acceptance date


Publication date



This paper was published in the journal Engineering Structures and the definitive published version is available at