Exploring the mechanical properties and performance of type-I collagen at various length scales: a progress report
journal contributionposted on 2022-05-09, 08:15 authored by Shirsha Bose, Simin LiSimin Li, Elisa MeleElisa Mele, Vadim SilberschmidtVadim Silberschmidt
Collagen is the basic protein of animal tissues and has a complex hierarchical structure. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the mechanical and structural stability of biological tissues. Over the years, it has become a material of interest in the biomedical industries thanks to its excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability and low antigenicity. Despite its significance, the mechanical properties and performance of pure collagen have been never reviewed. In this work, the emphasis is on the mechanics of collagen at different hierarchical levels and its long-term mechanical performance. In addition, the effect of hydration, important for various applications, was considered throughout the study because of its dramatic influence on the mechanics of collagen. Furthermore, the discrepancies in reports of the mechanical properties of collagenous tissues (basically composed of 20–30% collagen fibres) and those of pure collagen are discussed.
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