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External sulphate attack of sprayed mortars with sulphate-resisting cement: Influence of accelerator and age of exposition
journal contributionposted on 20.10.2020, 10:40 by C Herrera-Mesen, RP Salvador, T Ikumi, Sergio Cavalaro, A Aguado
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd This work evaluates the influence of the accelerator type, the cement type and age of exposure on the degradation mechanism and the durability of sprayed mortars subjected to external sulphate attack (ESA). Cores and prisms were extracted from panels sprayed with 8 mortar compositions (with 2 sulphate-resisting cement types and 4 setting accelerators) and then exposed to a sulphate solution at the ages of 7 or 28 days for 400 days. The evolution of the ESA was assessed through XRD, SEM, compressive strength, dimensional variation and ultrasonic pulse velocity. Results show that alkaline accelerators increase drastically the vulnerability of the matrix to the ESA. The degradation is enhanced by the higher solubility of aluminate phases and the increased formation of expansive phases. Results reveal that the use of sulphate-resisting cement might not suffice to mitigate severe material degradation.
projects BIA2016-78740-R (MAPPU) and RTC-2015-3185-4 (MAPMIT)
- Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering