Ferroelectric and photocatalytic properties of Aurivillius phase Ca2Bi4Ti5O18
journal contributionposted on 24.08.2020, 10:19 by Yaqiong Wang, Man Zhang, Jiyue Wu, Zimeng Hu, Hongtao ZhangHongtao Zhang, Haixue Yan
Aurivillius phase Ca2Bi4Ti5O18 powders with micrometer size were produced by solidstate reaction. X-ray diffraction revealed that the powders had polar orthorhombic structure with space group of B2cb. Ca2Bi4Ti5O18 ceramic exhibited frequency independent dielectric anomaly at 774 °C. The piezoelectric coefficient d33 value of poled Ca2Bi4Ti5O18 pellets was 0.7±0.2 pC/N. Both frequency independent dielectric anomaly and detectable d33 value clearly indicated that Ca2Bi4Ti5O18 is a ferroelectric material with Curie point of 774 ℃. UV–vis absorption spectra revealed that Ca2Bi4Ti5O18 had a direct band gap of 3.2 eV. Photocatalytic activity of the Ca2Bi4Ti5O18 powders was examined by degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under simulated solar light. 16% of RhB solution was degraded by Ca2Bi4Ti5O18 powders after 4 h UV-vis irradiation. With Ag nanoparticles deposited on the Ca2Bi4Ti5O18 powders surface, 50% of RhB were degraded under the same irradiation condition. The fitted degradation rate constant of Ag decorated Ca2Bi4Ti5O18 was 4 times higher than that of bare Ca2Bi4Ti5O18. This work suggested that the Aurivillius ferroelectric Ca2Bi4Ti5O18 is a promising candidate for photocatalytic applications.