Loughborough University
IJVP 3103 Bekakos et al..pdf (1.55 MB)

Finite element modelling of a pneumatic tyre interacting with rigid road and deformable terrain

Download (1.55 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2016-09-23, 09:58 authored by Chrysostomos Bekakos, George Papazafeiropoulos, Daniel O'BoyDaniel O'Boy, Jan Prins
In this study, the dynamic interaction between a pneumatic P235/75R17 tyre and a rigid and/or deformable rolling surface is analysed using the finite element method. After a footprint analysis of the tyre, two models were developed: (a) tyre rolling on rigid road with bumps and (b) tyre rolling on the surface of a soft soil layer, appropriate for off-road vehicle handling. In the first model, a steady-state transport analysis is performed to obtain the free rolling conditions of the tyre, which are then used to simulate the impact of the tyre on a rigid bump, typical of a road cleat or speedbump. In the second model, the transient rolling response of the tyre on a soft cohesive soil layer was simulated under towed and driven conditions. Along with a concise literature review and detailed description of the numerical models considered, various response quantities along with deformed geometries are provided throughout the text. It is finally shown that the dynamic response of the rolling tyre and its interaction with the deformable soil is inherently complex and depends on many parameters, whereas it is proven that the overall performance of the off-road tyres depends on significantly different parameters from that of the on-road tyres.



  • Aeronautical, Automotive, Chemical and Materials Engineering


  • Aeronautical and Automotive Engineering

Published in

International Journal of Vehicle Performance


BEKAKOS, C-A. ...et al., 2016. Finite element modelling of a pneumatic tyre interacting with rigid road and deformable terrain. International Journal of Vehicle Performance, 3 (2), pp. 142-166.


© Inderscience


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date


Publication date



This paper was accepted for publication in the journal International Journal of Vehicle Performance and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1504/IJVP.2017.083359.




  • en