Flash Flood Early Warning System in Colima, Mexico
journal contributionposted on 2020-09-25, 08:52 authored by José Ibarreche, Raúl Aquino, Robert EdwardsRobert Edwards, Víctor Rangel, Ismael Pérez, Miguel Martínez, Esli Castellanos, Elisa Álvarez, Saul Jimenez, Raúl Rentería, Arthur Edwards, Omar Álvarez
This paper presents a system of sensors used in flash flood prediction that offers critical real-time information used to provide early warnings that can provide the minutes needed for persons to evacuate before imminent events. Flooding is one of the most serious natural disasters humans confront in terms of loss of life and results in long-term effects, which often have severely adverse social consequences. However, flash floods are potentially more dangerous to life because there is often little or no forewarning of the impending disaster. The Emergency Water Information Network (EWIN) offers a solution that integrates an early warning system, notifications, and real-time monitoring of flash flood risks. The platform has been implemented in Colima, Mexico covering the Colima and Villa de Alvarez metropolitan area. This platform consists of eight fixed riverside hydrological monitoring stations, eight meteorological stations, nomadic mobile monitoring stations called “drifters” used in the flow, and a sniffer with data muling capability. The results show that this platform effectively compiles and forwards information to decision-makers, government officials, and the general public, potentially providing valuable minutes for people to evacuate dangerous areas.
Flood Prediction using real time sensing Emergency Water Information Networks over mobile phone networks and WiFi (EWIN)
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- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering