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Fluid balance and carbohydrate intake of elite female soccer players during training and competition

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posted on 2022-08-25, 11:04 authored by Caroline A Tarnowski, Ian Rollo, James M Carter, Maria Antonia Lizarraga-Dallo, Mireia Porta Oliva, Tom CliffordTom Clifford, Lewis JamesLewis James, Rebecca Randell

This study examined sweat rate, sweat sodium concentration [Na+], and ad-libitum carbohydrate and fluid intakes in elite female soccer players during training (n = 19) and a match (n = 8); eight completed both for comparisons. Body mass (kg) was obtained before and after exercise to calculate sweat rate. The sweat [Na+] was determined from absorbent patches on the thigh or back. Sweat rate, percentage body mass change, and sweat [Na+] for 19 players during training were 0.47 ± 0.19 L·h−1, +0.19 ± 0.65%, and 28 ± 10 mmol·L−1, respectively. Sweat rate was higher during a match (0.98 ± 0.34 L·h−1) versus training (0.49 ± 0.26 L·h−1, p = 0.007). Body mass losses were greater post-match (−1.12 ± 0.86%) than training (+0.29 ± 0.34%, p = 0.003). Sweat [Na+] was similar for training (29 ± 9 mmol·L−1) and a match (35 ± 9 mmol·L−1) (p = 0.215). There were no differences in match versus training carbohydrate intakes (2.0 ± 2.3 g·h−1, 0.9 ± 1.5 g·h−1, respectively, p = 0.219) or fluid intakes (0.71 ± 0.30 L·h−1, 0.53 ± 021 L·h−1, respectively, p = 0.114). In conclusion, female soccer players’ sweat rates were higher during a match than during training, and carbohydrate intakes were below recommendations for matches and training.

Funding

Gatorade Sports Science Institute, a division of PepsiCo, Inc.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Nutrients

Volume

14

Issue

15

Publisher

MDPI

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

2022-08-01

Publication date

2022-08-03

Copyright date

2022

eISSN

2072-6643

Language

  • en

Depositor

Dr Tom Clifford. Deposit date: 25 August 2022

Article number

3188

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