Loughborough University
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Forgotten globalizing actors: towards an understanding of the range of individuals involved in global norm formation in multinational companies

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posted on 2024-01-22, 12:19 authored by Tony EdwardsTony Edwards, Kyoungmi Kim, Phil Almond, Philipp KernPhilipp Kern, Olga Tregaskis, Linn Zhang
While there is substantial literature on global mobility, roles in the global integration of multinationals are not limited to internationally mobile staff. We focus on ‘globalizing actors’, defined as those within multinationals who are involved in global norm-making. Using interview-based qualitative data, we categorize individuals’ involvement in global norm-making according to the function within norm formation in which they are involved, their source of influence, and their geographical and organizational reach. We identify nine distinct types of globalizing actors. We demonstrate that many individuals play important roles in global norm-making without having formal hierarchical authority or being globally mobile. Our approach draws attention to the ways in which many globalizing actors use ‘social skill’ to further their aims. Our categorization of such ‘forgotten globalizing actors’ facilitates future research by allowing a fuller understanding of the ways in which individuals across multinationals contribute to global integration.


Globalizing Actors in Multinational Companies: The Creation, Diffusion, Implementation and Contestation of Global Norms

Economic and Social Research Council

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  • Loughborough University London

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Journal of International Business Studies




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Dr Philipp Kern. Deposit date: 22 January 2024