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From modulated Hebbian plasticity to simple behavior learning through noise and weight saturation

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journal contribution
posted on 13.03.2015, 11:46 by Andrea SoltoggioAndrea Soltoggio, Kenneth O. Stanley
Synaptic plasticity is a major mechanism for adaptation, learning, and memory. Yet current models struggle to link local synaptic changes to the acquisition of behaviors. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate a computational relationship between local Hebbian plasticity and behavior learning by exploiting two traditionally unwanted features: neural noise and synaptic weight saturation. A modulation signal is employed to arbitrate the sign of plasticity: when the modulation is positive, the synaptic weights saturate to express exploitative behavior; when it is negative, the weights converge to average values, and neural noise reconfigures the network's functionality. This process is demonstrated through simulating neural dynamics in the autonomous emergence of fearful and aggressive navigating behaviors and in the solution to reward-based problems. The neural model learns, memorizes, and modifies different behaviors that lead to positive modulation in a variety of settings. The algorithm establishes a simple relationship between local plasticity and behavior learning by demonstrating the utility of noise and weight saturation. Moreover, it provides a new tool to simulate adaptive behavior, and contributes to bridging the gap between synaptic changes and behavior in neural computation.

Funding

This work was supported by the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2013 Challenge 2 Cognitive Systems, Interaction, Robotics (Grant No. 248311-AMARSi).

History

School

  • Science

Department

  • Computer Science

Published in

Neural Networks

Volume

34

Pages

28 - 41

Citation

SOLTOGGIO, A. and STANLEY, K.O., 2012. From modulated Hebbian plasticity to simple behavior learning through noise and weight saturation. Neural Networks, 34 pp. 28-41.

Publisher

© Elsevier

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2012

Notes

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Neural Networks. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Neural Networks, vol. 34 (2012). DOI: 10.1016/j.neunet.2012.06.005.

ISSN

0893-6080

eISSN

1879-2782

Other identifier

S0893608012001621

Language

en