Loughborough University
PT2045 TPol article accepted LUPIN version 22 2 2020.pdf (792.74 kB)
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Future local passenger transport system scenarios and implications for policy and practice

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-02-25, 10:31 authored by Marcus EnochMarcus Enoch, Richard Cross, Nick Potter, Cody Davdison, Sharnae Taylor, Russell Brown, Helen Huang, Joshua Parsons, Shelly Tucker, Erin Wynne, David Grieg, Greg Campbell, Andrew Jackson, Stephen Potter
The world is rapidly changing and the future is uncertain, yet until recently the dominant assumption of the local passenger transport community has been that the existing modal landscape of cars, buses and taxis will remain much as it is now. Such a view is now shifting however, with decision makers now appreciating the need to understand the implications of potentially radical changes in the technological, political, economic, social and environmental spheres. Accordingly, in August 2015 the Public Transport 2045 study was commissioned to consider how different local public transport futures might affect society over the next 30-years, and at how governments might best respond.

The multi-phase study was based on individual in-depth interviews with 50 senior local passenger transport operators, government officials, lobbyists and experts from New Zealand and around the world; and four validation workshops with 28 sector stakeholders. The data was analysed using mostly pre-determined themes from which four scenarios were constructed and then validated. The implications are that the transport system is about to transition to a system of ‘shared mobility’; public transport will need to evolve to stay relevant but will remain important in any scenario; and the role of Government will be vital in overseeing the transition to the shared mobility era. These lessons are now being used to inform transport and broader policy decisions across New Zealand. Overall, the study is the first to apply such a global and qualitatively rich dataset to view the long-term future passenger transport system as a whole.


This paper is derived from data collected through the Public Transport 2045 study which was funded and conducted by the New Zealand Ministry of Transport in conjunction with Professor Marcus Enoch of Loughborough University.



  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

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Transport Policy








  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

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© Elsevier Ltd

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This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Transport Policy and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.02.009.

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Prof Marcus Enoch. Deposit date: 22 February 2020