Systematic Review ASD and GD submission 29Sept Final.pdf (213.11 kB)

Gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review of the literature

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journal contribution
posted on 06.04.2016, 10:22 by Derek Glidden, Walter P. Bouman, Beth Jones, Jon Arcelus
Aim The purpose of this review is to systematically appraise the current literature regarding the co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and ASD. Methods A systematic literature search using Medline and PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase was conducted from 1966 to July 2015. Main Outcome Measures Fifty-eight articles were generated from the search. Nineteen of these publications met the inclusion criteria. Results The literature investigating ASD in children and adolescents with gender dysphoria showed a higher prevalence rate of ASD compared with the general population. There is a limited amount of research in adults. Only one study showed that adults attending services for gender dysphoria had increased ASD scores. Another study showed a larger proportion of adults with atypical gender identity and ASD. Conclusion Although the research is limited, especially for adults, there is an increasing amount of evidence that suggests a co-occurrence between gender dysphoria and ASD. Further research is vital for educational and clinical purposes.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Sexual Medicine Reviews

Volume

4

Issue

1

Pages

3 - 14

Citation

GLIDDEN, D. ... et al., 2016. Gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review of the literature. Sexual Medicine Reviews, 4 (1), pp. 3 - 14.

Publisher

© International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2016-01-08

Notes

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Sexual Medicine Reviews and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sxmr.2015.10.003

ISSN

2050-0521

Language

en