Systematic Review ASD and GD submission 29Sept Final.pdf (213.11 kB)
Gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review of the literature
journal contributionposted on 2016-04-06, 10:22 authored by Derek Glidden, Walter P. Bouman, Beth Jones, Jon Arcelus
Aim The purpose of this review is to systematically appraise the current literature regarding the co-occurrence of gender dysphoria and ASD. Methods A systematic literature search using Medline and PubMed, PsycINFO, and Embase was conducted from 1966 to July 2015. Main Outcome Measures Fifty-eight articles were generated from the search. Nineteen of these publications met the inclusion criteria. Results The literature investigating ASD in children and adolescents with gender dysphoria showed a higher prevalence rate of ASD compared with the general population. There is a limited amount of research in adults. Only one study showed that adults attending services for gender dysphoria had increased ASD scores. Another study showed a larger proportion of adults with atypical gender identity and ASD. Conclusion Although the research is limited, especially for adults, there is an increasing amount of evidence that suggests a co-occurrence between gender dysphoria and ASD. Further research is vital for educational and clinical purposes.
- Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences
Published inSexual Medicine Reviews
Pages3 - 14
CitationGLIDDEN, D. ... et al., 2016. Gender dysphoria and autism spectrum disorder: a systematic review of the literature. Sexual Medicine Reviews, 4 (1), pp. 3 - 14.
Publisher© International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc.
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)
Publisher statementThis work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
NotesThis paper was accepted for publication in the journal Sexual Medicine Reviews and the definitive published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sxmr.2015.10.003