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Head injuries in lateral impact collisions

journal contribution
posted on 27.11.2014, 13:36 by Andrew Morris, Ahamedali Hasson, Murray Mackay, Julian Hill
Individual non-minor injuries (Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) > or = 2) to the head that occurred to belted and unbelted drivers and front seat passengers on the stuck side of impacted vehicles were examined. Injury type, injury combination, collision severity in relation to type of injury as well as contact sources were assessed. Forty-eight percent of injuries were moderate in severity (AIS 2). The most common type of injury was the diffuse brain injury, typically marked by a short period of unconsciousness, which occurred in collisions of lower severity than focal brain and skull fracture injuries. One-hundred and five out of 216 (48.6%) of contact sources for all injury types originated from outside the vehicle and such exterior sources were more likely to result in high severity injuries. Thirty percent of injuries resulted from head contacts with other vehicles. The most frequent vehicle interior contact source was the side window glass. Diffuse injuries tended to occur independently of other injury types and were more likely to originate from an interior rather than exterior contact. Preventative measures for head injury reduction in lateral collisions are discussed. Overall, the data show that proposed and present European and U.S. lateral impact test methods do not address many head injury problems such as those included in this study.

Funding

The authors wish to thank the sponsors of this research; the Transport Research Laboratory for sponsoring the work on behalf of the VSE Division of the U.K. Department of Transport, the Rover Group, Nissan Motor Company Ltd and Ford Motor Company Ltd.

History

School

  • Design

Published in

Accident Analysis and Prevention

Volume

27

Pages

749 - 756

Citation

MORRIS, A. ... et al, 1995. Head injuries in lateral impact collisions. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 27 (6), pp. 749 - 756

Publisher

© Elsevier Science Ltd

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

1995

Notes

This article is closed access.

ISSN

0001-4575

Language

en

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