Heathcote, Taylor (2019) How does a delay between ex and post-ex HWI alter thermal- and heat-load.pdf (949.14 kB)
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How does a delay between temperate running exercise and hot-water immersion alter the acute thermoregulatory response and heat-load?

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posted on 15.01.2020, 14:18 by Storme L Heathcote, Peter Hassmen, Shi Zhou, Lee TaylorLee Taylor, Christopher J Stevens
Hot-water immersion following exercise in a temperate environment can elicit heat acclimation in endurance-trained individuals. However, a delay between exercise cessation and immersion is likely a common occurrence in practice. Precisely how such a delay potentially alters hot-water immersion mediated acute physiological responses (e.g., total heat-load) remains unexplored. Such data would aid in optimizing prescription of post-exercise hot-water immersion in cool environments, relative to heat acclimation goals. Twelve male recreational runners (mean ± SD; age: 38 ± 13 years, height: 180 ± 7 cm, body mass: 81 ± 13.7 kg, body fat: 13.9 ± 3.5%) completed three separate 40-min treadmill runs (18°C), followed by either a 10 min (10M), 1 h (1H), or 8 h (8H) delay, prior to a 30-min hot-water immersion (39°C), with a randomized crossover design. Core and skin temperatures, heart rate, sweat, and perceptual responses were measured across the trials. Mean core temperature during immersion was significantly lower in 1H (37.39 ± 0.30°C) compared to 10M (37.83 ± 0.24°C; p = 0.0032) and 8H (37.74 ± 0.19°C; p = 0.0140). Mean skin temperature was significantly higher in 8H (32.70 ± 0.41°C) compared to 10M (31.93 ± 0.60°C; p = 0.0042) at the end of the hot-water immersion. Mean and maximal heart rates were also higher during immersion in 10M compared to 1H and 8H (p < 0.05), despite no significant differences in the sweat or perceptual responses. The shortest delay between exercise and immersion (10M) provoked the greatest heat-load during immersion. However, performing the hot-water immersion in the afternoon (8H), which coincided with peak circadian body temperature, provided a larger heat-load stimulus than the 1 h delay (1H).

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Frontiers in Physiology

Volume

10

Publisher

Frontiers Media

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© Heathcote, Hassmén, Zhou, Taylor and Stevens

Publisher statement

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

Acceptance date

21/10/2019

Publication date

2019-11-22

Copyright date

2019

ISSN

1664-042X

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Lee Taylor. Deposit date: 15 January 2020

Article number

1381

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