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How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness

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posted on 26.10.2016, 10:47 by Martin Schwellnus, Torbjørn Soligard, Juan-Manuel Alonso, Roald Bahr, Ben Clarsen, H. Paul Dijkstra, Tim J. Gabbett, Michael Gleeson, Martin Hagglund, Mark R. Hutchinson, Christa Janse van Rensburg, Romain Meeusen, John W. Orchard, Babette M. Pluim, Martin Raftery, Richard Budgett, Lars Engebretsen
The modern-day athlete participating in elite sports is exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendar. Emerging evidence indicates that inappropriate load management is a significant risk factor for acute illness and the overtraining syndrome. The IOC convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load - including rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel - and health outcomes in sport. This paper summarises the results linking load to risk of illness and overtraining in athletes, and provides athletes, coaches and support staff with practical guidelines for appropriate load management to reduce the risk of illness and overtraining in sport. These include guidelines for prescription of training and competition load, as well as for monitoring of training, competition and psychological load, athlete well-being and illness. In the process, urgent research priorities were identified.

Funding

International Olympic Committee

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

British Journal of Sports Medicine

Volume

50

Issue

17

Pages

1043 - 1052

Citation

SCHWELLNUS, M. ... et al, 2016. How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50 (17), pp. 1043-1052.

Publisher

BMJ

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

Acceptance date

03/07/2016

Publication date

2016-08-17

Notes

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial. See: http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by-nc/4.0/

ISSN

0306-3674

eISSN

1473-0480

Language

en