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Human factors and nuclear safety since 1970 – A critical review of the past, present and future

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journal contribution
posted on 26.10.2020, 10:28 authored by Robin Hamer, Patrick WatersonPatrick Waterson, Gyuchan Thomas JunGyuchan Thomas Jun
Human Factors and Ergonomics (HFE) has played an essential role in increasing the safety and performance of the nuclear energy industry. This review aims to critically examine past HFE research on nuclear safety and provide insights into how HFE approaches can better address current challenges for nuclear safety and future changes (e.g. new technologies, Industry 4.0 and increasing system complexity). The research questions this paper addresses are: (1) what are the common HFE themes and topics that have been applied to nuclear safety? (2) what are the new/key emerging areas/ideas for nuclear safety from an HFE perspective? We reviewed (n = 334) articles from six prominent HFE and safety-focused journals. Articles were classified into a systems framework where research themes and topics could be classified and explored. The findings from the review indicate the primary topics which the nuclear energy industry have focused on have not changed much over time (e.g. safety culture; human error; human-machine interaction) and likewise methods from the 1970s continue to attract attention (e.g. probabilistic risk assessment and human reliability assessment). However, the review demonstrated that more recent topics such as resilience engineering and ideas centred on the ‘Safety-II’ and ‘resilience engineering’ movement are beginning to appear. One of the main conclusions from the review is that there is a need for greater exploration and experimentation of new and emerging areas of interest and their practical implications within the nuclear energy industry.

Funding

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)

History

School

  • Design and Creative Arts

Department

  • Design

Published in

Safety Science

Volume

133

Publisher

Elsevier

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Elsevier

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Safety Science and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2020.105021.

Acceptance date

22/09/2020

Publication date

2020-10-20

Copyright date

2020

ISSN

0925-7535

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Thomas Jun. Deposit date: 23 October 2020

Article number

105021