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Immigrant sentiment and labour market vulnerability: economic perceptions of immigration in dualized labour markets

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journal contribution
posted on 16.10.2019 by Anthony Kevins, Naomi Lightman
Recent years have seen an increase in concerns that labour market vulnerability and national economic performance might be interacting to foment more polarized opinions about immigration. This article uses European Social Survey and EU-SILC data from 23 countries to explore this potential relationship, examining attitudes about the economic impact of immigration. In doing so, it seeks to investigate how the link between labour market vulnerability and anti-immigrant sentiment may be shaped by both resource scarcity (in the economy as a whole) and job scarcity (on the labour market). Findings from the analysis are twofold. First, labour market vulnerability is indeed correlated with more negative beliefs about the economic contribution of immigrants, even controlling for related factors such as education and contract type. Second, this effect is moderated by GDP per capita (though not unemployment rates), with labour market insiders and outsiders holding more distinct attitudes in higher GDP countries; thus, although attitudes towards the economic contribution of immigrants are generally more negative in poorer countries, labour market vulnerability contributes to greater opinion polarization in stronger economies. It is therefore resource availability in the economy, rather than on the labour market, that appears to be crucial.

Funding

Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship (Grant no. 750556)

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Insight Development Grant (File no: 430-2018-00062)

History

School

  • Social Sciences

Department

  • Politics and International Studies

Published in

Comparative European Politics

Volume

18

Pages

460 - 484

Publisher

Palgrave Macmillan UK

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Springer Nature Limited

Publisher statement

This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Comparative European Politics. The definitive publisher-authenticated version KEVINS, A. and LIGHTMAN, N., 2019. Immigrant sentiment and labour market vulnerability: economic perceptions of immigration in dualized labour markets. Comparative European Politics, 18, pp.460-484, https://doi.org/10.1057/s41295-019-00194-1 is available online at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/s41295-019-00194-1.

Publication date

2019-07-09

Copyright date

2019

ISSN

1472-4790

eISSN

1740-388X

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Anthony Kevins. Deposit date: 14 October 2019

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