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Improvements of material removal in cortical bone via impact cutting method
journal contributionposted on 27.04.2020, 15:51 by Wei Bai, Liming Shu, Ronglei Sun, Jianfeng Xu, Vadim Silberschmidt, Naohiko Sugita
Bone cutting with high efficiency as well as low levels of forces and damage has a great significance for orthopaedic surgeries. Due to the brittleness and anisotropy of cortical bone, a conventional cutting process can cause irregular crack propagation and fractured bone chip, affecting the tissue removal process and postoperative recovery. In this paper, a high-frequency impact cutting method is investigated, and its effect on fracture propagation, chip formation and cutting forces is studied for orthogonal cutting. Experimental results show that cracks are deflected by cement lines in conventional cutting, forming fractured blocks or split chips. In impact cutting, the cutting-induced fractures expand along a main shear direction, generating small pieces of triangular segmented chips. Cutting forces are significantly reduced with vibration-induced impacts; especially, the main cutting force is nearly 70% lower than that in the conventional cutting. The main reason for this is much higher strain rates in high-frequency impact cutting than in a conventional process, and direct penetration of fractures across the osteonal matrix without deflections along the cement lines. This results in a straighter path along the main shear plane and totally different chip morphology; so, a lower consumption of cutting energy in the main shear direction reduces the macroscopic cutting force. The results of this study have an important theoretical and practical value for revealing the mechanism of impact cutting, improving the efficiency of osteotomy and supporting the innovation in bone surgical instruments.
China Postdoctoral Science Foundation through grants No. 2019M652629 and No. 2019TQ0107
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering