Attridge & Inglis ZDM final paper.pdf (350.27 kB)
Increasing cognitive inhibition with a difficult prior task: implications for mathematical thinking
journal contributionposted on 2015-04-17, 10:41 authored by Nina Attridge, Matthew InglisMatthew Inglis
Dual-process theories posit two distinct types of cognitive processing: Type 1, which does not use working memory making it fast and automatic, and Type 2, which does use working memory making it slow and effortful. Mathematics often relies on the inhibition of pervasive Type 1 processing to apply new skills or knowledge that require Type 2 processing. In two studies, we demonstrate that giving participants a difficult task (Raven’s Matrices) before a task that requires the inhibition of intuitive responses (the Cognitive Reflection Test) significantly improves performance. Our findings suggest that encountering a difficult task that requires Type 2 processing before completing a task that requires inhibition of Type 1 processing may encourage an enduring ‘Type 2’ mindset, whereby participants are more likely to spontaneously use Type 2 processing for a period of time. Implications for mathematics education are discussed.
- Mathematics Education Centre
Published inZDM: The International Journal on Mathematics Education
CitationATTRIDGE, N. and INGLIS, M., 2015. Increasing cognitive inhibition with a difficult prior task: implications for mathematical thinking. ZDM: Mathematics Education, 47(5) pp.723-734.
PublisherSpringer Verlag / © FIZ Karlsruhe
- AM (Accepted Manuscript)
Publisher statementThis work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
NotesThe final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11858-014-0656-1