Infrastructure provision, gender, and poverty in Indian slums
journal contributionposted on 03.11.2016, 09:12 authored by Priti Parikh, Kun FuKun Fu, Himanshu Parikh, Allan McRobie, Gerard George
We examine the relationship between infrastructure provision and poverty alleviation by analyzing 500 interviews conducted in serviced and non-serviced slums in India. Using a mixed-method approach of qualitative analysis and regression modeling, we find that infrastructure was associated with a 66% increase in education among females. Service provision increased literacy by 62%, enhanced income by 36%, and reduced health costs by 26%. Evidence suggests that a gender-sensitive consideration of infrastructure is necessary and that a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach will not suffice. We provide evidence that infrastructure investment is critical for well-being of slum dwellers and women in particular.
Priti Parikh would like to thank Newnham College, Cambridge and the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council for funding her doctorate which forms the basis of this paper. Gerry George gratefully acknowledges the support of the Professorial Fellowship of the UK’s Economic and Social Research Council (RES-051-27-0321).
- Loughborough University London