Innovative financing models for low carbon transitions: exploring the case for revolving funds for domestic energy efficiency programmes
journal contributionposted on 2015-11-06, 15:52 authored by Andy Gouldson, Niall Kerr, Joel Millward-Hopkins, Mark Freeman, Corrado Topi, Rory Sullivan
The IEA has estimated that over the next four decades US$31 trillion will be required to promote energy efficiency in buildings. However, the opportunities to make such investments are often constrained, particularly in contexts of austerity. We consider the potential of revolving funds as an innovative financing mechanism that could reduce investment requirements and enhance investment impacts by recovering and reinvesting some of the savings generated by early investments. Such funds have been created in various contexts, but there has never been a formal academic evaluation of their potential to contribute to low carbon transitions. To address this, we propose a generic revolving fund model and apply it using data on the costs and benefits of domestic sector retrofit in the UK. We find that a revolving fund could reduce the costs of domestic sector retrofit in the UK by 26%, or £9 billion, whilst also making such a scheme cost-neutral, albeit with significant up-front investments that would only pay for themselves over an extended period of time. We conclude that revolving funds could enable countries with limited resources to invest more heavily and more effectively in low carbon development, even in contexts of austerity.
This paper was funded by the EU (Grant No.266800)through the FESSUD project and by the EPSRC and ESRC under the IBuildProgramme (GrantNo.EP/K012398/1). Support was also provided by the ESRC Climate Change Economics and Policy (Grant No.ES/K006576/1).
- Business and Economics
Published inEnergy Policy
Pages739 - 748
CitationGOULDSON, A. ...et al., 2015. Innovative financing models for low carbon transitions: Exploring the case for revolving funds for domestic energy efficiency programmes. Energy Policy, 86, pp. 739-748.
Publisher© The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
- VoR (Version of Record)
Publisher statementThis work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by/4.0/
NotesThis is an Open Access Article. It is published by Elsevier under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/