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Insight into the dicrotic notch in photoplethysmographic pulses from the finger tip of young adults
journal contributionposted on 04.08.2016, 10:14 by Ping Shi, Sijung HuSijung Hu, Jia Zheng, Yihong Qiu, Peck-Yeng (Sharon) Cheang
This study aims to investigate arterial stiffness in selected young adults by non-invasively determining the characteristics of the photoplethysmographic dicrotic notch. A total of 15 volunteers participated in this study, divided into four groups by age and gender. Contour analysis was applied to analyse the photoplethysmographic dicrotic notch, including time-related and height-related parameters. The height of reflected wave, mirrored by the notch relative amplitude (NRA), was found to be significantly larger in the older group compared to the younger group (p = 0.016). The timing of the reflected wave, measured by three parameters, i.e. notch index (NI), notch latency (NL) and peak-to-notch latency (PTNL), significantly increased in the female group compared to the male group (all p < 0.02). The results confirm that arterial stiffness occurs in young adults, and demonstrate that a difference of arterial stiffness exists between young male and female. This study indicates that examining the characteristic notch of the PPG pulse could help in identifying differences of vascular activities.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering