vuong-final.pdf (471.08 kB)

Interlayer vacancy defects in AA-stacked bilayer graphene: Density functional theory predictions

Download (471.08 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 24.04.2017, 13:31 by A. Vuong, T. Trevethan, Chris Latham, C.P. Ewels, D. Erbahar, P.R. Briddon, M.J. Rayson, Malcolm Heggie
© 2017 IOP Publishing Ltd.AA-stacked graphite and closely related structures, where carbon atoms are located in registry in adjacent graphene layers, are a feature of graphitic systems including twisted and folded bilayer graphene, and turbostratic graphite. We present the results of ab initio density functional theory calculations performed to investigate the complexes that are formed from the binding of vacancy defects across neighbouring layers in AA-stacked bilayers. As with AB stacking, the carbon atoms surrounding lattice vacancies can form interlayer structures with sp 2 bonding that are lower in energy than in-plane reconstructions. The sp 2 interlayer bonding of adjacent multivacancy defects in registry creates a type of stable sp 2 bonded 'wormhole' or tunnel defect between the layers. We also identify a new class of 'mezzanine' structure characterised by sp 3 interlayer bonding, resembling a prismatic vacancy loop. The V 6 hexavacancy variant, where six sp 3 carbon atoms sit midway between two carbon layers and bond to both, is substantially more stable than any other vacancy aggregate in AA-stacked layers. Our focus is on vacancy generation and aggregation in the absence of extreme temperatures or intense beams.

Funding

A Vuong, M I Heggie and C D Latham thank EDF Energy Generation Ltd for financial support. T Trevethan thanks Innovate UK project The influence of graphite irradiation creep on plant life optimisation (24792-167222) for financial support.

History

School

  • Science

Department

  • Chemistry

Published in

Journal of Physics Condensed Matter

Volume

29

Issue

15

Citation

VUONG, A. ...et al., 2017. Interlayer vacancy defects in AA-stacked bilayer graphene: Density functional theory predictions. Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, 29: 155304.

Publisher

© IOP Publishing

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publication date

2017

Notes

This is an author-created, un-copyedited version of an article published in Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. IOP Publishing Ltd is not responsible for any errors or omissions in this version of the manuscript or any version derived from it. The Version of Record is available online at https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648X/aa5f93.

ISSN

0953-8984

eISSN

1361-648X

Language

en

Exports

Loughborough Publications

Keywords

Exports