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Intermediate dimensions of Bedford-McMullen carpets with applications to Lipschitz equivalence

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journal contribution
posted on 2024-05-31, 14:23 authored by Amlan BanajiAmlan Banaji, István Kolossváry

Intermediate dimensions were introduced to provide a spectrum of dimensions interpolating between Hausdorff and box-counting dimensions for fractals where these differ. In particular, the self-affine Bedford–McMullen carpets are a natural case for investigation, but until now only very rough bounds for their intermediate dimensions have been found. In this paper, we determine a precise formula for the intermediate dimensions dimθ Λ of any Bedford–McMullen carpet Λ for the whole spectrum of θ ∈ [0, 1], in terms of a certain large deviations rate function. The intermediate dimensions exist and are strictly increasing in θ, and the function θ 7→ dimθ Λ exhibits interesting features not witnessed on any previous example, such as having countably many phase transitions, between which it is analytic and strictly concave.

We make an unexpected connection to multifractal analysis by showing that two carpets with non-uniform vertical fibres have equal intermediate dimensions if and only if the Hausdorff multifractal spectra of the uniform Bernoulli measures on the two carpets are equal. Since intermediate dimensions are bi-Lipschitz invariant, this shows that the equality of these multifractal spectra is a necessary condition for two such carpets to be Lipschitz equivalent.

Funding

Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant (RPG-2019-034)

History

School

  • Science

Department

  • Mathematical Sciences

Published in

Advances in Mathematics

Volume

449

Issue

2024

Publisher

Elsevier

Version

  • VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The Authors

Publisher statement

This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

Acceptance date

2024-05-11

Publication date

2024-05-28

Copyright date

2024

ISSN

0001-8708

Language

  • en

Depositor

Amlan Banaji. Deposit date: 15 May 2024

Article number

109735