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Investigating the contribution of Demand Responsive Transport to a sustainable local public transport system

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posted on 15.12.2014, 14:37 by Tim Ryley, Peter A. Stanley, Marcus EnochMarcus Enoch, Alberto M. Zanni, Mohammed Quddus
Various studies have advocated the potential for Demand Responsive Transport (DRT) services to deliver sustainable local public transport. This paper investigates the sustainability credentials of DRT services using evidence from UK-based research. More specifically, six potential DRT market niches were identified, including those which offer potential commercial opportunities (e.g. airport surface access) and those that meet social needs (e.g. non-emergency hospital trips). Mode share of these DRT services, against car or bus travel, was simulated from mixed logit models within a panel data modelling framework estimated from survey data. The survey was conducted of over 400 respondents in urban (Rochdale, Manchester) and rural (Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire) areas.Experience shows that it is particularly difficult to make DRT services financially viable. Of the DRT services investigated, those targeting airline or train passengers offer potential. However, they are in direct competition with the car, and so their success depends on the cost and availability of parking spaces. Some of the DRT schemes explored meet social needs, such as to access shopping facilities or hospitals, but they face cost challenges. In addition, institutional barriers for new DRT schemes need to be overcome in order to develop a sustainable local public transport system.

Funding

The authors acknowledge the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) [grant number EP/I005455/1] for funding the research project ‘Developing Relevant Tools for Demand Responsive Transport: DRT for DRT’ (www.drtfordrt.org.uk).

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Published in

Research in Transportation Economics

Citation

RYLEY, T. ... et al, 2014. Investigating the contribution of Demand Responsive Transport to a sustainable local public transport system. Research in Transportation Economics, 48, pp. 364-372.

Publisher

Elsevier / © The Authors

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Publication date

2014

Notes

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by Elsevier under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

ISSN

0739-8859

Language

en