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Kinematics analysis of ankle inversion ligamentous sprain injuries in sports: 2 cases during the 2008 Beijing olympics

journal contribution
posted on 2016-07-15, 11:19 authored by Kam-Ming Mok, Daniel FongDaniel Fong, Tron Krosshaug, Lars Engebretsen, Aaron See-Long Hung, Patrick Shu-Hang Yung, Kai-Ming Chan
Ankle inversion ligamentous sprain is one of the most common injuries encountered in sports.4,5 A precise description of the injury situation is a key component to understanding the injury mechanism.2 However, quantitative analyses on injury cases with calibrated video recording are available only under rare circumstances.19 Previously, qualitative analysis of joint biomechanics was reported on ankle injuries based on visual inspection.1,8 Fong et al6 reported the first ever kinematics analysis of ankle inversion ligamentous sprain injury, which accidentally happened in their laboratory. However, the occurrence of recording ankle inversion ligamentous sprain injury in the laboratory is rare. Instead, injuries in sports are occasionally shown on television with multiple camera views, and those video recordings could be further analyzed to explain the cause of injury. To develop a novel biomechanical analysis to produce continuous measurement of joint kinematics from video recordings, Krosshaug and Bahr13 introduced a model-based image-matching (MBIM) motion analysis technique for investigating human motion from uncalibrated video sequences and employed the technique to determine the injury mechanism of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) ruptures.14 In 2008, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) suggested an injury surveillance system for multisports tournaments.10 The injury surveillance system provides important epidemiological information. Junge et al11 reported the frequency, characteristics, and causes of injuries during the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008. Based on the information from the injury surveillance system, the injury incidents could be matched with the televised video recordings. Using the MBIM motion analysis technique, the ankle joint kinematics of 2 ankle ligamentous sprain injury cases could be reconstructed. The purpose of this article is to present the 3-dimensional (3-D) ankle joint kinematics of 2 ankle sprain cases detected by the injury surveillance system in the Beijing Olympic Games 2008.


Funding was provided by the Innovation and Technology Fund from The Hong Kong Research Institute of Textiles and Apparel Limited, Innovation and Technology Commission, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government (Project number: ITP/017/10TP; RD/FT/001/10).



  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

American Journal of Sports Medicine






1548 - 1552


MOK, K-M. ... et al., 2011. Kinematics analysis of ankle inversion ligamentous sprain injuries in sports: 2 cases during the 2008 Beijing olympics. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 39 (7), pp. 1548 - 1552


The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine © the authors


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This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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