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Knee wobbling during the single-leg-squat-and-hold test reflects dynamic knee instability in patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury

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posted on 2022-07-26, 07:29 authored by Xin He, Matthew Chun Sing Chow, Jihong Qiu, Sai-Chuen Fu, Kam-Ming Mok, Michael Tim-Yun Ong, Daniel FongDaniel Fong, Patrick Shu-Hang Yung

We propose using the single-leg squat-and-hold (SLSH) task with kinematic analysis to objectively measure dynamic knee stability after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. There are three objectives of this study: to compare the knee kinematics of ACL-deficient patients and healthy controls by capturing knee wobbling during the SLSH task, to detect kinematic changes after ACL reconstruction, and to correlate the kinematic variables with self-reported knee function. Twenty-five ACL-deficient participants and 18 healthy matched participants were recruited. The knee kinematics involving both the magnitudes and frequency of motion fluctuation was captured during SLSH by 3D motion analysis system (Vicon). Compared to the limbs of the control participants, the ACL involved limbs exhibited a greater range of flexion-extension (4.33±1.96 vs. 2.73±1.15; p=0.005) and varus-valgus (2.52±0.99 vs. 1.36±0.42; p<0.001). It also inhibited higher frequency of flexion-extension (4.87±2.55 vs. 2.68±1.23; p=0.003) and varus-valgus (3.83±2.59 vs. 1.42±0.55; p<0.001). The range of flexion-extension (4.50±2.24 vs. 2.90± 1.01; p=0.018), frequency of flexion-extension (4.58±2.53 vs. 3.05± 1.80; p=0.038) and varus-valgus (3.46±2.11 vs. 1.80± 1.23; p=0.022) was reduced after ACL reconstruction. Increased frequency of knee varus-valgus was correlated with lower IKDC score (r=-0.328; p=0.034). Knee wobbling was more prominent in ACL-deficient patients, which was associated with poor knee function. SLSH task with kinematic analysis appears to be a potential assessment method for monitoring dynamic knee stability after ACL injury.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

Research in Sports Medicine

Volume

32

Issue

3

Pages

363-374

Publisher

Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Publisher statement

This is an Accepted Manuscript version of the following article, accepted for publication in Research in Sports Medicine. He, X. et al. (2024) ‘Knee wobbling during the single-leg-squat-and-hold test reflects dynamic knee instability in patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury’, Research in Sports Medicine, 32(3), pp. 363–374. doi: 10.1080/15438627.2022.2113879. It is deposited under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and is not altered, transformed, or built upon in any way.

Acceptance date

2022-07-21

Publication date

2022-08-19

Copyright date

2022

ISSN

1543-8627

eISSN

1543-8635

Language

  • en

Depositor

Dr Daniel Fong. Deposit date: 25 July 2022

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