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Woodfield et al (2022) Author accepted version accepted 12 March 22.pdf (400.34 kB)

Latent profiles of PTSD, anxiety and depression and association with trauma exposure within prison personnel

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posted on 2022-04-26, 08:18 authored by Russell Woodfield, Daniel Boduszek, Dominic WillmottDominic Willmott
Objective: The aim of the study was to identify meaningful subtypes of anxiety, depression, and PTSD symptomology amongst Prison Personnel. A further aim was to estimate the association between anxiety, depression and PTSD class membership and typology of Prison Trauma Exposure (Self-Harm/Death, Violent, Environmental) age and years of service, and differentiations between male and female personnel. Method: A non-probability convenience sample of 1995 Prison Personnel in the UK completed the Prison Personnel Trauma Measure (PPTM), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist – Civilian Version (PCL-C). Results: Latent profile analysis revealed seven distinct classes in male personnel including a ‘heightened symptom’ (16.8%) and a ‘high symptom group’ (10.3%) and five distinct classes in female personnel including a ‘above moderate symptom group’ (28.4%) and a ‘high symptom group’ (18.1%). Multinomial logistic regression showed that male prison personnel in the ‘moderate with increased PTSD-C and low PTSD-B group’ and the ‘heightened symptom group’ were more likely to be exposed to environmental trauma, whereas male prison personnel in the ‘high symptom group’ were more likely to be exposed to environmental trauma, self-harm/death in prison and have significantly less years of service. Female prison personnel in the ‘moderate symptom group’ were more likely to be exposed to environmental and violent trauma, whereas in the ‘high symptom group’ females were more likely to be exposed to violent trauma. Conclusion: Findings suggest distinctions between anxiety, depression and PTSD symptomology amongst male and female prison personnel and typology of prison trauma exposure. The significance of the present findings is discussed in relation to past and future research as well as policy implications and practice.

History

School

  • Social Sciences and Humanities

Department

  • Criminology, Sociology and Social Policy

Published in

European Journal of Trauma and Dissociation

Volume

6

Issue

3

Publisher

Elsevier

Version

  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Rights holder

© Elsevier Masson SAS

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal European Journal of Trauma and Dissociation and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejtd.2022.100268

Acceptance date

2022-03-12

Publication date

2022-03-15

Copyright date

2022

eISSN

2468-7499

Language

  • en

Depositor

Dr Dom Willmott. Deposit date: 21 April 2022

Article number

100268

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