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Linguistic diversity and out-group discrimination in bilingual societies

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journal contribution
posted on 22.07.2019, 09:45 authored by Maria Paz Espinosa, Enrique Fatas, Paloma Ubeda
© 2019 We study ethno-linguistic diversity in a lab-in-the-field experiment in two bilingual societies, with (Bilbao, in the North of Spain) and without group conflict (Valencia, in the East). Participants from two ethno-linguistic cultures interact with other participants in Homogeneous (no diversity) or Mixed (ethno-linguistic diversity) environments. Participants allocate resources in a nested public goods game with a local and a global public good. By design, by not contributing to the global (and efficient) public good participants exclude the out- group from the benefits of their contribution. Our results show that while diversity reduces contributions to the global public good in Bilbao, it does not have a negative effect in Valencia. We interpret the results with a second experiment eliciting social norms, with different subjects, and find that the positive (negative) effects of diversity in Valencia (Bilbao) are linked to optimistic empirical expectations (normative discrimination). We also show how the prevalence of discriminatory norms is sensitive to additional information about behavior.

Funding

Financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Economic Affairs and Competitiveness and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (ECO2015-64467-R, MINECO/FEDER), the Basque Government (DEUI, IT783-13), UPV/EHU (UFI 11/46 BETS) and the ESRC Network for Integrated Behavioural Science (NIBS) is gratefully acknowledged

History

School

  • Business and Economics

Department

  • Economics

Published in

Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics

Volume

81

Pages

102 - 127

Citation

ESPINOSA, M.P., FATAS, E. and UBEDA, P., 2019. Linguistic diversity and out-group discrimination in bilingual societies. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 81, pp. 102 - 127.

Publisher

© Elsevier

Version

AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socec.2019.06.002

Acceptance date

08/06/2019

Publication date

2019-06-11

Copyright date

2019

ISSN

2214-8043

eISSN

2214-8051

Language

en