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Linguistic relativism: logic, grammar, and arithmetic in cultural comparison

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journal contribution
posted on 28.02.2014, 14:48 by Christian Greiffenhagen, Wes Sharrock
Linguistic relativism is the thesis that the grammatical structures of different languages imply different conceptions of reality. In this paper we critically discuss one form of linguistic relativism, which argues that grammatical differences between the English and Yoruba language exhibit differences in how English and Yoruba speakers ‘see’ reality (namely in terms of ‘spatiotemporal particulars’ and ‘sortal particulars’ respectively). We challenge the idea that linguistic relativism is an empirical thesis, i.e., a thesis that is substantiated through anthropological examples. We show that linguistic relativism is based on two assumptions: firstly, that the purpose of language is to describe the world; secondly, that being able to speak presupposes an ontological theory of the ultimate constituents of the world. We argue that the attempt to extract the outline of that theory from the language inevitably distorts the portrayal of language-using practice itself.



  • Social Sciences


  • Communication, Media, Social and Policy Studies


GREIFFENHAGEN, C. and SHARROCK, W., 2007. Linguistic relativism: logic, grammar, and arithmetic in cultural comparison. Language and Communication, 27 (1), pp. 81 - 107


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This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Language and Communication. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published at: