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Localized states in passive and active phase-field-crystal models
journal contributionposted on 13.07.2021, 14:18 by Max Philipp Holl, Andrew Archer, Svetlana V Gurevich, Edgar Knobloch, Lukas Ophaus, Uwe Thiele
The passive conserved Swift–Hohenberg equation (or phase-field-crystal [PFC] model) describes gradient dynamics of a single-order parameter field related to density. It provides a simple microscopic description of the thermodynamic transition between liquid and crystalline states. In addition to spatially extended periodic structures, the model describes a large variety of steady spatially localized structures. In appropriate bifurcation diagrams the corresponding solution branches exhibit characteristic slanted homoclinic snaking. In an active PFC model, encoding for instance the active motion of self-propelled colloidal particles, the gradient dynamics structure is broken by a coupling between density and an additional polarization field. Then, resting and traveling localized states are found with transitions characterized by parity-breaking drift bifurcations. Here, we briefly review the snaking behavior of localized states in passive and active PFC models before discussing the bifurcation behavior of localized states in systems of (i) two coupled passive PFC models with common gradient dynamics, (ii) two coupled passive PFC models where the coupling breaks the gradient dynamics structure and (iii) a passive PFC model coupled to an active PFC model.
Franco-German University (CDFA-01-14)
National Science Foundation (DMS1908891)
- Mathematical Sciences