Loughborough University
Wu_mesoscopic.pdf (1.85 MB)

Mesoscopic structure features in synthetic graphite

Download (1.85 MB)
journal contribution
posted on 2018-02-26, 09:32 authored by Benjamin Maerz, Kenny JolleyKenny Jolley, Thomas James Marrow, Zhaoxia ZhouZhaoxia Zhou, Malcolm Heggie, Roger Smith, Houzheng Wu
The mesocopic structure features in the coke fillers and binding carbon regions of a synthetic graphite grade have been examined by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Raman spectroscopy. Within the fillers, the three-dimensional structure is composed of crystal laminae with the basal plane dimensions (La) of hundreds nanometres, and thicknesses (Lc) of tens of nanometres. These laminae have a nearly perfect graphite structure with almost parallel c-axes, but their a-b planes are orientated randomly to form a “crazy paving” structure. A similar structure exists in the binding carbon regions, with a smaller La. Significantly bent laminae are widely seen in quinoline insoluble inclusions and the graphite regions developed around them. The La values measured by TEM are consistent with estimates from the intensity ratios of the D to G Raman peak in these regions. Atomistic modelling finds that the lowest energy interfaces in the crazy paving structure comprise 5, 6 and 7 member carbon rings. The bent laminae tend to maintain the 6 member rings, but are strained elastically. We suggest that a 7 member carbon ring leaves a cavity representing an arm-chair graphite edge contributing to the Raman spectra D peak.


This work was supported the EPSRC Advanced Materials for Nuclear Fission programme under UNIGRAF: Understanding and Improving Graphite for Nuclear Fission (grant number EP/M018822/1, EP/M018598/1, EP/M018679/1). The EPSRC grant, EP/K040375/1, for the ‘South of England Analytical Electron Microscope’ is also gratefully acknowledged.



  • Science


  • Chemistry

Published in

Materials and Design




268 - 278


MAERZ, B. ... et al., 2018. Mesoscopic structure features in synthetic graphite. Materials and Design, 142, pp. 268-278.


© Elsevier


  • AM (Accepted Manuscript)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Acceptance date


Publication date



This paper was accepted for publication in the journal Materials and Design and the definitive published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2018.01.038




  • en