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Modeling count data with excess zeroes, an empirical application to traffic accidents

journal contribution
posted on 18.06.2009, 15:26 authored by Hoong Chor Chin, Mohammed Quddus
There are many studies in social sciences, such as traffic accident analysis, in which the event counts may be characterized by a large number of zero observations. In this article, a proposed model that takes into account both the zero-count state and the nonzero- count state is used to describe the traffic accident phenomenon. The probability of the zero-count state (p) and the mean number of event counts (μ) in the non-zero-count state may depend on the covariates. Sometimes, p and μ are unrelated, while at other times, p may assume a simple function of μ. In proposing the model, different types of traffic accidents at signalized intersections in Singapore were investigated. The results demonstrate that the zero-altered probability process is an appropriate technique for modeling specific types of accidents in which the data contain many zero counts.

History

School

  • Architecture, Building and Civil Engineering

Citation

CHIN, H.C. and QUDDUS, M.A., 2003. Modeling count data with excess zeroes, an empirical application to traffic accidents. Sociological Methods & Research, 31(4), pp. 90-116.

Publisher

© SAGE Publications Ltd

Version

NA (Not Applicable or Unknown)

Publication date

2003

Notes

This article is Closed Access. It was published in the journal, Sociological Methods & Research [© Sage] and is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0049124103253459

ISSN

0049-1241

Language

en