Motivational processes in the coach-athlete relationship: a multi-cultural self-determination approach
journal contributionposted on 21.09.2017, 09:53 by Sophia Jowett, James W. Adie, Kimberley J. Bartholomew, Sophie Xin Yang, Henrik Gustafsson, Alicia Lopez-Jimenez
Objective Grounded in self-determination theory, the present study examined the cultural invariance of a model that hypothesized sport performers' well-being will be predicted by both their perceptions of motivation and the quality of the relationship held with their coach. Method Participants (N = 756), originating from five countries (British, Chinese, Greek, Spanish, and Swedish), completed a questionnaire that measured perceived coach-athlete relationship quality, basic psychological need satisfaction, self-determined motivation, and well-being. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed to analyze the data. Results Analysis revealed that athletes who perceived a high quality relationship experienced heightened levels of basic need satisfaction. Need satisfaction positively predicted self-determined motivation, which, in turn, linked to enhanced well-being. Moreover, mediation analyses supported the explanatory roles of need satisfaction and self-determined motivation within the model. Lastly, multi-sample SEM invariance testing revealed the model to be largely invariant across cultures. Conclusions The results support the universal application of self-determination theory and the central role interpersonal relationships play in promoting well-being.
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- Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences