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Neutron-based analyses of three Bronze Age metal objects: a closer look at the Buggenum, Jutphaas and Escharen artefacts

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posted on 12.02.2019, 11:03 authored by Hans Postma, Luc Amkreutz, David Fontijn, Hans Kamermans, Winfried A. Kockelmann, Peter Schillebeeckx, Dirk Visser
Three important Bronze Age copper-alloy artefacts from the permanent exhibition of the National Museum of Antiquity in Leiden (NL) have been studied by neutron-based methods. These artefacts are known as the Buggenum sword, the Jutphaas dirk, and the Escharen double axe. All three objects have been studied with neutron resonance capture analysis (NRCA), a non-destructive method to determine the bulk elemental compositions. The Buggenum sword is also studied with time-of-flight neutron diffraction (TOF-ND) giving additional information about crystalline properties and internal material structures, and neutron tomography (NT), showing details of the construction of this sword and voids inside the material. The composition of the Jutphaas dirk is compared with the compositions of two other dirks belonging to the group of six Plougrescant-Ommerschans (PO) ceremonial dirks. The Escharen double axe, identified as being of the Zabitz type, variant Westeregeln, is a rare object in the Low Countries. It is compared to finds from Central Europe. The results for all three objects are discussed with regards to their archaeological contexts and their relation to other finds.

Funding

Part of the research mentioned in this paper has been carried out under the EU FP6 Ancient Charm project, funded by the European Commission under the contract No. 15311.

History

School

  • Science

Department

  • Physics

Published in

Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia

Volume

47

Pages

37 - 57

Citation

POSTMA, H. ... et al, 2017. Neutron-based analyses of three Bronze Age metal objects: a closer look at the Buggenum, Jutphaas and Escharen artefacts. Analecta Praehistorica Leidensia, 47, pp.37-57.

Publisher

© Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2017

Notes

This is an Open Access article published by the Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University.

ISBN

9789082225143

ISSN

0169-7447

Language

en

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