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Niche applications and flexible devices for wave energy conversion: A review

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journal contribution
posted on 14.10.2021, 11:04 by Emiliano RenziEmiliano Renzi, Simone Michele, Siming Zheng, Siya Jin, Deborah Greaves
We review wave energy conversion technologies for niche applications, i.e., kilowatt-scale systems that allow for more agile design, faster deployment and easier operation than utility scale systems. The wave energy converters for niche markets analysed in this paper are classified into breakwater-integrated, hybrid, devices for special applications. We show that niche markets are emerging as a very vibrant landscape, with several such technologies having now achieved operational stage, and others undergoing full-scale sea trials. This review also includes flexible devices, which started as niche applications in the 1980s and are now close to commercial maturity. We discuss the strong potential of flexible devices in reducing costs and improving survivability and reliability of wave energy systems. Finally, we show that the use of WECs in niche applications is supporting the development of utility-scale projects by accumulating field experience, demonstrating success stories of grid integration and building confidence for stakeholders.

Funding

Royal Society—CNR International Fellowship, UK (Grant NF170771)

Supergen ORE hub 2018

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

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History

School

  • Science

Department

  • Mathematical Sciences

Published in

Energies

Volume

14

Issue

20

Publisher

MDPI AG

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Rights holder

© The authors

Publisher statement

This is an Open Access Article. It is published by MDPI under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence (CC BY). Full details of this licence are available at: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

Acceptance date

03/10/2021

Publication date

2021-10-12

Copyright date

2021

eISSN

1996-1073

Language

en

Depositor

Dr Emiliano Renzi. Deposit date: 13 October 2021

Article number

6537